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Prithviraj Chauhan Biography – Early Life, Battles , Death

Short Note on Prithviraj Chouhan

Prithviraj Chauhan was a Hindu Kshatriya king of Ajmer. Prithviraj Chauhan Biography in english – Later he ruled many states. Prithviraj Chauhan was born on 1 June 1166 in Gujarat. Prithviraj’s father’s name was Maharaja Someshwar Chauhan, he was the king of Ajmer state in Rajasthan. Prithviraj Chauhan’s mother’s name was Kamalavati. Prithviraj Chauhan was also called as the last Hindu emperor and Rai Pithora and Bharateshwar. He also knew word-of-mouth knowledge. The weight of his sword, armor, spear and shield together was 207 kg. And he had a 38-inch sword. Prithviraj Chauhan was a great mighty and brave Hindu Rajput king.

Prathviraj Chouhan Biography in English – “ Click here “

Prithviraj Chauhan Biography - Early Life, Battles , Death
Tomb and statue of Prithviraj Chauhan built in Ajmer
Full Name Prithviraj Chauhan
Born 1 June 1166
LocationGujarat, India
Other namesRai Pithora, Last Hindu Emperor, Prithviraj III, Bharateshwar.
Died 11 March 1192
Place of DeathAjmeriru (Ajmer), Rajasthan
Defeatfrom Muhammad Ghori.

Prithviraj Chauhan Family and Early Life

  • Father – Raja Someshwar Chauhan
  • Mother – Queen Kamalavati
  • Brother – Hariraj (Younger)
  • sister – pratha (younger)
  • Children – Govind Raj
  • Wives – 13 Wives

Prithviraj Chauhan was born in 1166 in Gujarat to the Hindu Kshatriya Maharaja Someshwar Chauhan of Ajmer. Prithviraj’s mother was Kamalavati. Prithviraj was born about 12 years after the marriage of his mother and father. Many people also tried many times to kill him from the time of birth, but he failed. After the death of his father, Prithviraj Chauhan took over the throne of Ajmer at the age of 13. Prithviraj Chauhan also had a younger brother Hariraj Chauhan and a younger sister Pratha Chauhan. Prithviraj Chauhan had 13 wives, out of which his favorite queen was Sanyogita. short note on prithviraj chouhan .

List of Names of 13 Wives

Prithviraj Chauhan had 13 wives. Of these, his most beloved queen was Queen Sanyogita. He loved Queen Sanyogita very much. The discussions of his love with Queen Sanyogita are famous even today. List of 13 wives –

  1. Queen Sanyogita
  2. Jambha bati
  3. Padihari
  4. Panwari Ichhani
  5. daahiya
  6. Jaalandhari
  7. Gujari
  8. Badgujari
  9. Yadav Padmavati
  10. Yadav Shashivrata
  11. Kachhwahi
  12. pudirni
  13. Indravati

Love Story of Prithviraj Chauhan and Queen Sanyogita

After the death of Prithviraj Chauhan’s maternal grandfather Anangpal (Maharaja of Delhi), Prithviraj Chauhan was placed on the throne of Delhi. Because King Anangpal had no son, Prithviraj Chauhan was declared the crown prince of Delhi. At that time, Kannauj was ruled by Maharaj Jayachandra. His daughter was Rani Sanyogita. King Jaichandra used to hate and envy Prithviraj Chauhan after seeing his valor and fame. Once a painter Pannaray came to Kannauj. He had pictures of the great mighty kings of the country. One of them was the picture of Maharaj Prithviraj Chauhan. When the girls of Kannauj saw that picture, she kept looking and started praising her beauty. This matter reached to Queen Sanyogita, then Queen Sanyogita went to see that picture with her friend. Seeing the picture of Prithviraj Chauhan, Queen Sanyogita kept looking at him, and she fell in love with him. There he gave his heart to Prithviraj Chauhan. But the union of the two was not easy. There was enmity between Prithviraj Chauhan and Jayachandra.
After reaching Delhi, the painter told Prithviraj Chauhan about Queen Sanyogita and also made a portrait of the queen. Prithviraj Chauhan also fell in love with Rani Sanyogita. After some time Maharaj Jayachandra kept Swayambar for Queen Sanyogita. Many kings were called, but due to enmity, King Prithviraj Chauhan was not invited. Jaichand made a statue (murti) of Prithviraj Chauhan to insult him and got it erected in place of the gatekeeper. When Queen Sanyogita came to Swayamvar with a garland, she did not see her love (Prithviraj Chauhan) anywhere. Then he saw the idol and went and put the idol on a garland and garlanded it. King Jaichand got angry and imprisoned his daughter Sanyogita in a palace on the banks of the Ganges. With the help of his friend, he conveyed this message to Prithviraj Chauhan through a Brahmin. Prithviraj Chauhan went to the palace and kidnapped Queen Sanyogita and brought her, and their marriage took place in Delhi according to Hindu customs.
(It was with this hatred that King Jayachandra had befriended Muhammad Ghori and supported Muhammad in the attack on Delhi.)

Pride and War of Prithviraj Chauhan

Prithviraj Chauhan was a brave warrior, and his army was also very powerful and very large. According to many accounts, there were about 300 elephants in his army and more than 3 lakh soldiers. Prithviraj Chauhan fought many wars and also defeated the kings of many states. There were about 17 wars between Prithviraj Chauhan and Muhammad Shahabuddin Ghori. Prithviraj defeated Muhammad Ghori in all the battles. But in the last battle, because of Muhammad’s support of Jayachandra, Muhammad’s army became larger than Prithviraj’s army, then Prithviraj was defeated in the war with Muhammad. The first battle with Muhammad Ghori is also called the first battle of Tarain, because this war took place in the area called Tarain at a place named Sirhind.

Death of Prithviraj Chauhan

Prithviraj Chauhan was defeated by Muhammad in the last battle with Muhammad Ghori, as Maharaja Jayachandra befriended Muhammad Ghori to take revenge on Prithviraj Chauhan because of his hatred. Due to which both the army of Muhammad Ghori and the army of Jaichand became a very big army. Therefore, in this war, Muhammad defeated Prithviraj Chauhan, and Prithviraj Chauhan was taken prisoner as well as Prithviraj’s friend Chand Vardai was also imprisoned. Prithviraj’s eyes were broken by Muhammad’s soldiers. But Prithviraj Chauhan did not give up. ( life of prithviraj chouhan )
A few days later, Chand Vardai entrapped Muhammad well in the web of his words, praising Prithviraj in many things, and started talking about hitting his wordy arrows. And said that Chauhan is skilled in this knowledge, if you want, you can see this enchantment of his. Muhammad had a desire to see this and he ordered it. A huge amphitheater was prepared for this. The blind Prithviraj Chauhan was made to stand in the arena, and 7 pans were hung around the arena. Prithviraj Chauhan was given a bow, from which he had to hit a precise target. Prithviraj Chauhan shot an arrow at the bow and the bow broke. Then Prithviraj was given his own bow. Muhammad ordered him to shoot an arrow, he shot the arrow slightly and his target was first on the pan. Then he released the second arrow and tore Muhammad’s palate. Muhammad fell in the same dead state. Then in anger, Muhammad’s soldiers surrounded him from all sides, then Chandbardai took out a knife from his waist and stabbed himself in his chest and gave the same knife to King Prithviraj Chauhan. Prithviraj Chauhan also stabbed a knife in the chest with his hands and both of them became immortal.
When his wife Sanyogita and all the other queens came to know about the death of Prithviraj Chauhan, Along with the other queens, Queen Sanyogita, burning own body in the pyre, all the queens gave up their lives. and all the queens became immortal in that pool.

Some interesting information of Prithviraj Chauhan

  • He was the ruler of Ajmer and Delhi in northern India in the 12th century.
  • Prithviraj’s father was King Someshwar Chauhan of Ajmer.
  • At the age of 5, Prithviraj received education from the Saraswati Kantha Bharan Vidyapeeth established by the Vigraharaj of Ajmer, which is currently a mosque named “Adai Din Ka Jhopra”.
  • At the age of 13, Prithviraj took over the throne of Ajmer.
  • Prithviraj’s army had more than 300 elephants and more than three lakh great soldiers.
  • The love story of Rani Sanyogita with Prithviraj is famous even today.
  • The tomb of King Prithviraj Chauhan has also been built in Ajmer, Rajasthan.
Prithviraj Chauhan Biography - Early Life, Battles , Death
Currency of Prithviraj Chauhan’s reign

Upcoming Biographi film of Prithviraj Chauhan

A Bollywood film is being made on the biography of Prithviraj Chauhan. Whose actor is Akshay Kumar and actress Manushi Chillar. The story of the love of Prithviraj Chauhan and Rani Sanyogita will be shown in this film. And the heroic valor of Prithviraj Chauhan will also be shown. This film will be released on 3 June 2022. Prithviraj Chauhan Biography .

Movie Poster – ” Click here “

FAQ – Prithviraj Chauhan

Q. Prithviraj Chauhan was the king of where?

Ans. Ajmer and Delhi

Q. When and where was Prithviraj Chauhan born?

Ans. 1 June 1166 – Gujarat, India

Q. How many kg sword did Prithviraj Chauhan have?

Ans. The weight of sword, armor, spear and shield together was 207 kg

Q. How did Prithviraj’s wife Sanyogita die?

Ans. Along with the other queens, Queen Sanyogita, burning own body in the pyre, all the queens gave up their lives.

Q. How many kg was the spear of Prithviraj Chauhan?

Ans. 10 kg

Q. What was the name of Prithviraj Chauhan’s friend?

Ans. Chandravardai

Q. How did Mohammad Ghori die?

Ans. With the arrow of Prithviraj Chauhan

Q. How many children did Prithviraj Chauhan have?

Ans. 1 child – Govind Raj

Q. How many wives did Prithviraj Chauhan have?

Ans. 13 wives

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